Every Student Succeeds Act: What We Know Today
The whole one-size-fits-all (OSFA) notion has never been my cup of tea. It's a rare occurence, but coming across the seemingly perfect maxi dress that turns out to be OSFA is a day-ruiner when you're barely tall enough to go on big kid roller coasters.
Now take this cookie-cutter attempt to K12 education heights, and that's school years worth of day-ruiners for principals, educators, parents, students, the like.
But with the emergence of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), it looks like we'll bid our farewells to OSFA and welcome flexibility, discretion, and accountability at the state level that wind up promoting a whole child approach. That's what to expect when Congress and states find a happy, bipartisan equilibrium of authority.
So what's going out with the old, and coming in with the new? Let's take a bird's eye view.
|Adequate Yearly Progress||Challenging, state-determind academic content standards
in reading, math, and science
|Federal School Improvement Interventions||State-driven single summative assessment or multiple
interim assessments with the option to limit testing time
|Highly Qualified Teacher Requirements||State accountability systems involving test results,
EL proficiency, academic indicators, graduation rates,
and other multimetric indicators
|No Child Left Behind waivers||School improvement for low performing schools that
involve district intervention
|Definition of Core Academic Subjects||
Flexibility to transfer 100% Title II and Title IV funds
Additionally, ESSA will retain the required standardized testing from NCLB for math and reading, but autonomy is now given to the state to set its own performance goals. The 391-page bill will also remove a previous requirement for children to become proficient in reading and math by a specific date determined by the federal government. In essence, a greater amount of latitude is given to states, so much so, that the law even prohibits Congress from imposing its own academic standards onto states.
But it's not all ponies and rainbows. While the passing of power is seen as progressive and beneficial to many, others are skeptical of states' competencies. Certain groups are concerned that too much faith is being put into the states. Further, opposing viewpoints believe that the supposed lack of consequences in failing to meet standards, and the lack of stringent federal education standards altogether, could pose a loophole in the system.
Still, the gradual implementation of the bill is in its early stages. I've refrained from taking a stance until more develops as we stay au courant with ESSA's innerworkings. Who knows, maybe we'll look back on the one-size-fits-all days with unexpected nostalgia...
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